A resource for patients prescribed
IDACIO▼ (adalimumab) and their
The information on this page is intended for healthcare professionals only
Biologic medicines have had considerable impact on the treatment of a range of chronic illnesses and life-threatening diseases.1 Biologics are large complex molecular proteins developed or derived from living biological systems, that utilise state-of-the-art biotechnology.1
The table summarises some of the differences between the development of a conventional medicine (e.g. aspirin) and a biologic medicine (e.g. adalimumab).1-4
Biosimilars undergo rigorous testing and must demonstrate that they are similar to the reference product through three different types of studies:4
Comparative quality studies: These in-vitro studies compare the protein structure and biological function of the biosimilar and the reference product.
Comparative non-clinical studies: these include pharmacodynamic studies (generally in vitro) to compare the biosimilar and reference product. In-vivo toxicological studies are required in certain cases.
Comparative clinical studies: Clinical trials are tailored to confirm biosimilarity and include studies of pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers, or patients, and clinical studies performed to demonstrate comparative efficacy, safety and immunogenicity.
The EU regulatory guidelines for approval of biosimilars allow for extrapolation of data.4 This means that all the safety and efficacy data for the biosimilar and the reference product in one indication may be utilised to obtain approval for the use of the biosimilar in other approved indications of the reference product.4
Safety is a critical component of the approval of a new biosimilar, which has to demonstrate no clinically meaningful differences in immune response compared to the reference product. Immune responses may affect the safety or effectiveness of the product. In some cases, a dedicated immunogenicity study may be necessary.
This resource is directed at healthcare professionals who are treating patients with IDACIO.
1. Abraham J. Developing oncology biosimilars: An essential approach for the future. Semin Oncol 2013;40(Suppl1):S5-S24
2. Kozlowski S, Woodcock J, Midthun K, Sherman RB. Developing the Nation’s Biosimilar Program. N Engl J Med 2011;365:385-388
3. Medicines for Europe. Biosimilar Medicines Handbook. 2016 [online]. Available at: http://www.medicinesforeurope.... [Accessed May 2020]
4. Biosimilars in the EU. Information guide for healthcare professionals. European Medicines Agency. 2019 [online]. Available at: https://www.ema.europa.eu/docu... [Accessed May 2020]
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